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How to determine hepatitis A: forms and types of the disease, how to check

  1. Viral hepatitis: forms and types of the disease
  2. General diagnosis of hepatitis A
  3. How to test for hepatitis A?
  4. Botkin's disease: treatment methods

How to determine hepatitis A, causes and common symptoms of this disease? There are several signs of this type of viral disease. If you feel general malaise, nausea and vomiting, you should immediately consult a doctor.

If you feel general malaise, nausea and vomiting, you should immediately consult a doctor

Viral hepatitis: forms and types of the disease

Hepatitis (translated from the Greek word ἥπαρ - "liver") is a common name for acute inflammatory liver diseases, which differ in etiology.

The main symptoms of the disease are fever, headache, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. When the condition worsens, the “yellow eyes” effect appears. This occurs when bilirubin enters the blood. In this case, the liver does not cope with the viral agent, and the yellowing of the skin and white of the eyes occurs. This type of disease is also called jaundice.

The main manifestations of the disease are:

Today, 3 forms of viral hepatitis are most common:

Today, 3 forms of viral hepatitis are most common:

  1. Hepatitis form A. The reason for the emergence of this viral disease becomes non-compliance with sanitary standards of the hostel. The virus spreads through unwashed hands, dirty water and food. In some cases, the cause of the virus carrier may be objects infected with fecal deposits. The infected virus manifests itself after 2-6 weeks. During this period, the probability of infection is high. The main affected area of ​​this type of hepatitis is the liver.
  2. Hepatitis form B. This type of viral disease becomes more dangerous and in some cases becomes chronic forms of the disease. Long-term inflammatory processes in the liver can cause severe damage to this organ, and sometimes cause cirrhosis of the liver. Prevention of this form is possible with the help of general vaccination. Hepatitis B can be infected through sexual intercourse, as well as in any way related to blood. It can be acupuncture, which is done by an infected carrier. Timely vaccination of this form of viral disease will prevent the development of the disease and ensure the safety of others.
  3. Hepatitis forms C. The general distribution of this type is through the blood. Symptoms of the manifestation of the disease manifested from 1 to 10 weeks after infection. A dangerous form of hepatitis C can lead to chronic complications, and subsequently - fatal.

Any form of viral hepatitis should be vaccinated immediately. This requires an urgent examination in special medical institutions.

General diagnosis of hepatitis A

Before conducting effective therapeutic measures of a viral disease, it is necessary to form an overall picture. It is possible to determine the exact diagnosis of hepatitis A using clinical, epidemiological and biochemical laboratory tests. The information content of each level of the survey provides a general picture of the detection of the virus.

The clinical diagnosis of hepatitis A is based on the initial signs of the patient’s general condition The clinical diagnosis of hepatitis A is based on the initial signs of the patient’s general condition. The severity of symptomatic signs makes it possible to determine the clinical condition of the disease with a high probability. Loss of appetite, complaints of pain in the right hypochondrium, nausea, enlargement of the liver during palpation - all these signs allow us to determine the initial form of the disease. A clear confirmation is the change in the skin. 1-2 days before the appearance of jaundice, a change in the color of urine and feces occurs. These symptoms give a start to a more thorough examination.

Epidemiological criteria for the diagnosis of hepatitis A allow for a detailed history in order to establish the patient’s contacts with other people. The purpose of the survey - the establishment of the source of the disease and the adoption of liquidation measures. During this period, all contacts with other people should be eliminated. The patient with hepatitis is isolated, and further treatment is carried out in the hospital.

Laboratory diagnostic methods are aimed at determining the pathogen, its antigens or antibodies. Detection of the virus is carried out using immune electron microscopy (IEM), as well as its modifiers. A complete biochemical testing of the body. In the first week of the disease, a virus antigen is detected in the patient's fecal deposits. This allows early diagnosis.

How to test for hepatitis A?

This form of viral disease is also called Botkin's disease. This type of disease is very common in warm countries. Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia, India - these are the tourist destinations that are potential carriers of hepatitis form A. Returning from a long-awaited vacation, a person becomes a hostage of the virus carrier. Infected water and food, getting into the intestine, are absorbed and through the blood enters the liver. If there are suspicions or common ailments associated with the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), then you must pass a laboratory examination.

Detection of the virus is possible in specialized clinical laboratories Detection of the virus is possible in specialized clinical laboratories. Viral diagnosis of hepatitis A form is carried out by testing the blood to detect antibodies to the anti-HAV IgG virus. A positive result during the examination indicates that there was already contact with the virus.

Re-infection will no longer occur, and vaccination in this case is not carried out. If a laboratory test gives a negative result, then it indicates that there is no immunity to Botkin's disease. With such a verdict, emergency vaccination is carried out through the introduction of immunoglobulin. Within 2 weeks, this vaccine can prevent infection of the liver or even stop the process of infection. It should be borne in mind that all family members and contact persons must pass a laboratory examination.

If the antibodies are in the blood, it means that there was already contact with the virus (as a result of vaccination or illness). In this case, re-infection is impossible, vaccination is not necessary.

Botkin's disease: treatment methods

The main condition for the treatment of hepatitis A is the mandatory hospitalization of the patient. Bed rest should last until the complete disappearance of clinical manifestations. The primary task in the hospitalization of the patient is the normalization of the overall functional state of the liver. An important element in the treatment is compliance with the diet table.

The lactic acid diet provides the minimum amount of fat consumed The lactic acid diet provides the minimum amount of fat consumed. The total caloric content of the daily diet should be about 3000-3200 kcal. Foods containing spicy and salty foods are completely excluded. Daily consumption of up to 500 g low-fat cottage cheese is recommended. To restore liver cells, a large intake of sweet foods with a sufficient amount of carbohydrates is recommended. This is sugar, honey, preserves and jams.

To improve the condition of the liver is used intravenous 40% glucose solution. In the first days of drug treatment, the intensive introduction of glycogenic amino acids allows you to activate the general state of hepatic dystrophy. Prescribed abundant alkaline mineral drink.

The course of complex therapy is designed for a period of at least 30 days from the onset of the disease. After discharge, the patient is under strict supervision of a specialist within four months. After full recovery (taking into account the disappearance of clinical symptoms), sanitary and resort treatment is recommended.

How is the treatment of hepatitis folk remedies?

All recommended home treatment at home must be approved by appropriate specialists All recommended home treatment at home must be approved by appropriate specialists.

There are a large number of recipes aimed at normalizing the general condition. Here are some of them:

  1. Polovoy. Boil a handful of oat straw in a liter of water. In this case, the volume should be reduced by half. After filtering, take 200 g before meals 3 times a day.
  2. Chop the dried hazelnut leaves and insist in 250 ml of dry wine for 12 hours. Take 50 g every 2 hours during the day. The course of treatment is designed for two weeks.
  3. Herbal collection of knotweed grass, bearberry leaves, corn silk and bean pods. All ingredients take 10 g. Pour a glass of boiling water and insist for 3 hours. Strain, take 3 times a day for 1/2 cup. The recommended course of treatment is no more than 12 days.
  4. Blackberry decoction will have a good antiviral effect on the body. Pour 2 tbsp. l Blackberry leaves 1/2 cup boiling water and infuse for an hour. After this, the broth must be filtered and taken 50 ml 3 times a day. The decoction is recommended to use at least 2 weeks.
  5. A glass of sauerkraut juice taken on an empty stomach will remove toxins from the body.

Treatment of folk remedies will not replace medical drugs. Therefore, hope for a full recovery, thanks to herbal medicine, is not worth it.

Take care of yourself and be always healthy!

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